Definition of Mathematics Learning Outcomes
In general, the understanding of learning outcomes is a change in behaviour that is shown by someone after taking the experience or teaching and learning process. Mathematics learning outcomes are students’ knowledge, skills and mathematical abilities obtained from the learning that students have taken. Mathematics learning outcomes are a final process of student learning after gaining understanding and mastery of mathematics. From these definitions, it can be concluded that mathematics learning outcomes are abilities possessed by students after receiving mathematics learning experiences.
Types of Learning Outcomes
The kinds of learning outcomes can be seen from several aspects, namely as follows:
- The cognitive domain is the domain related to intellectual learning outcomes consisting of aspects of knowledge, understanding, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation.
- The affective domain is the domain related to student attitudes.
- Psychomotor domains are domains that are related to the results of learning skills and abilities in acting.
Factors Affecting Learning Outcomes
In achieving excellent learning outcomes, many factors influence student success. These factors include the following:
- Internal factors consisting of physiological and psychological factors.
Physiological factors are related to the physical state and the state of physical function. Physical state is related to the physical condition of students, while the state of physical function is related to the five senses. Furthermore, psychological factors related to intelligence, motivation, interests, attitudes and talents.
- Outside factors consisting of social and non-social environments.
The factors that influence the social environment come from the school’s social environment, community and family. The factors that come from the non-social environment include instrumental factors or learning devices and material factors taught to students.
Furthermore, the factors that influence student learning outcomes consist of internal and external factors. Internal factors are factors that arise from within students which include intelligence, interest and attention, attitudes, motivation, perseverance, learning habits and physical condition. Meanwhile, external factors are the opposite of internal factors, namely factors that come from outside the student’s self. Outside factors include the environment of students such as family, school and society.
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